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What is COVID-19 rebound and when does it happen? Here’s what we know – National

U.S. President Joe Biden examined constructive for COVID-19 a 3rd time on Thursday after taking an antiviral drug remedy, however an infectious illness professional says “rebound” circumstances should not an unheard phenomenon and might occur even in individuals who don’t get the Paxlovid remedy.

“We’re listening to about post-COVID rebound primarily as a result of that’s what occurred to President Joe Biden, who obtained handled (with Paxlovid) and maybe different remedies…And what we all know is that COVID rebound isn’t an unprecedented phenomenon,” Donald Vinh, an infectious ailments specialist at McGill College Well being Centre, advised World Information.

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Such circumstances have been reported earlier than, he mentioned.

“There are rebound circumstances that happen in people who find themselves additionally not handled (with Paxlovid),” he added.

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What’s COVID-19 rebound?

In accordance with the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC), COVID-19 rebound is characterised by a recurrence of signs or a brand new constructive viral check after having examined unfavourable.

“There is no such thing as a standardized definition for what COVID-19 rebound means…however now it’s believed you’d have each a symptom rebound and a constructive viral check to have a post-COVID rebound,” mentioned Vinh.

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Biden, 79, had emerged from isolation on Wednesday final week after testing constructive for COVID for the primary time on July 21. He examined constructive once more on Saturday in what the president’s doctor described as a “rebound” case seen in a small proportion of sufferers who take the antiviral drug Paxlovid.

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White Home COVID-19 coordinator Dr. Ashish Jha advised reporters on Monday that information “means that between 5 and eight % of individuals have rebound” after Paxlovid remedy.

Does Paxlovid trigger COVID rebound?

Dozens of people have reported rebounding COVID signs on social media or to the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration after taking Paxlovid, however Pfizer instructed in Might that the expertise is uncommon.

Pfizer’s Paxlovid remedy helps forestall hospitalization and dying because of COVID-19. It is suggested for early stage remedy of delicate to reasonable COVID-19 amongst individuals at excessive threat for development to extreme illness, mentioned the CDC in a well being advisory.

Pfizer has mentioned that from the greater than 300,000 sufferers it’s monitoring who acquired the five-day remedy, round one in 3,000, or about 0.03 per cent, reported a relapse after taking the drugs.

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In a June 2022 study revealed within the Journal of An infection, researchers discovered that “it’s unclear if COVID-19 rebound related to anti-viral drug remedy is a definite medical phenomenon” and instructed that the failure to reply to the remedy could also be an evidence.

“We now have to know that this doesn’t replicate a failure of Paxlovid as a result of what we have now to do is examine that to what would occur within the absence of remedy,” mentioned Vinh. He added that with out remedy people who find themselves in danger can be extra vulnerable to extreme sickness and even dying.

He additionally mentioned that this isn’t distinctive to COVID and a rebound of signs can happen from quite a lot of viral infections.

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Is somebody with COVID-19 rebound contagious?

Vinh mentioned individuals with COVID-19 rebound will be contagious relying on whether or not they have a recurrence of signs solely or a viral rebound.

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He defined {that a} recurrence of signs might replicate that the individual’s immune system is attempting to combat off no matter stays of the virus it finds that’s inflicting the signs.

“Alternatively, when you’ve got a viral rebound with or with out signs, it’s very attainable that you would be able to be contagious to different individuals,” mentioned Vinh.

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Vinh mentioned having COVID-19 rebound doesn’t imply that the chance of getting extreme illness is greater.

A study revealed final month within the Oxford Educational journal discovered that in a cohort of 483 high-risk sufferers handled with Paxlovid in 2019, two sufferers (0.4 per cent) required hospitalization by day 30. 4 sufferers (0.8 per cent) skilled a rebound of signs, which have been typically delicate, at a median of 9 days after remedy, and all resolved with out extra COVID-19-directed remedy.

“It doesn’t appear to be a significant extreme phenomenon from a hospitalization perspective,” mentioned Vinh. However can it “result in ongoing group transmission? That’s one thing the place the information is just not there but,” he mentioned.

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Does vaccination assist decrease the chance of COVID rebound?

Vinh mentioned the research he has seen up to now on rebound COVID-19 principally concerned individuals who weren’t vaccinated.

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“We use Paxlovid in individuals who have a excessive threat of growing extreme circumstances of difficult COVID, so these individuals are additionally strongly inspired to be multi-vaccinated,” he mentioned.

He mentioned it stays to be seen whether or not the mix of being vaccinated and taking the remedy can additional scale back the chance of rebound.

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“I wish to emphasize that…rebound COVID-19 doesn’t imply we forgo remedy and it doesn’t imply we forgo vaccines,” mentioned Vinh.

He mentioned that vaccination protects individuals towards extreme sickness from COVID and that’s an enormous a part of why it’s inspired.

“That very same logic extends to remedies. If you’re advisable to get remedy, meaning you’re thought of, medically talking, to be at excessive threat for both extreme or difficult illness,” Vinh mentioned.

He mentioned rebound COVID occurs “very occasionally” and the advantages of remedies and vaccines outweigh the dangers.

“A rebound phenomenon shouldn’t dissuade individuals from getting what they want,” mentioned Vinh.

There have been a number of stories of attainable reinfection with COVID-19 in Canada, “nonetheless, supporting proof is usually inadequate to permit affirmation,” the Public Well being Company of Canada states on their web site.

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The company mentioned that reported episodes of reinfection “vary from lower than two to 4.5 months.”

Nevertheless, “transmission from a person(s) who’ve been reinfected to a different has not been demonstrated,” PHAC mentioned on their web site. “However the information could be very restricted and will change.”

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PHAC recommends that if an individual will get re-infected then it’s necessary that they keep bodily distancing and put on a masks.

“PCR positivity might persist or fluctuate for weeks or in some circumstances months, and constructive outcomes, significantly inside three months of a earlier an infection, might not symbolize a real reinfection,” mentioned the company.

“Nevertheless, it isn’t clear how quickly after a COVID-19 prognosis reinfection might happen and it has been reported inside lower than two months,” it added.

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— with information from Reuters and The Related Press

© 2022 World Information, a division of Corus Leisure Inc.

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