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COVID created a ‘pressure cooker’ for domestic violence in WA — and made it harder than ever for victims to get support

Nobody knew what Kathryn Janeway* was going by till she determined to depart.

However after eight years in an abusive relationship she reached breaking level, took her daughter and went to a household good friend’s home.

Her ex had been a “very controlling, very evil individual”, stated Kathryn, who’s utilizing a pseudonym to guard her identification, “however he makes himself out to be a saint when he’s not behind closed doorways.”

She had identified him from a younger age, and at simply 17 years outdated he drugged and raped her.

“I felt very shameful and didn’t know the right way to get out of the scenario, so it simply saved persevering with on. Then after I was 19 I fell pregnant.”

Kathryn stated her ex’s proposal on the identical day of a household tragedy was “the straw that broke the camel’s again” that fortified her determination to depart.

“I used to be similar to, ‘I can’t dwell like this anymore’,” she stated.

Then the COVID-19 pandemic hit. Kathryn was solely one among many ladies in the same scenario, with authorities restrictions creating a further layer of stress on high of an abusive relationship.


Consultants have reported serious cases of family and domestic violence increasing over the past three years, highlighting how pandemic restrictions created the right setting for offending to proceed.

“I began making an attempt to get assist from a psychiatrist however COVID made that very tough. I used to be on a waitlist for six months and my psychological well being was declining, however I’m very excessive functioning and good at hiding it,” Kathryn stated.

She felt trapped in her home, separated from different household and mates, and had reached out to Lifeline virtually each day.

“There was a time when he wasn’t working and that was hell; I needed to wait till he was out the home to make any calls.”

Kathryn was additionally looking for a rental, however all inspections had “between 30 and 60 individuals” and virtually nothing was inexpensive.

Out of choices, she went to a household good friend’s home. Her ex-partner went to police and requested them to conduct wellness checks on her in an try to regain management over Kathryn.

“I defined the scenario to [a police officer] and she or he instructed me that he had appeared a bit shady and beneficial I’m going to a girls’s refuge. I used to be a bit uncertain, I didn’t even know these issues existed … however he saved going again to the police station and the officer known as me once more and gave me a quantity to ring,” she stated.

“Throughout the hour I had a spot, which by no means occurs. The officer had clearly already organised it for me and she or he gave me the braveness to go.”

COVID continued to influence Kathryn after she arrived on the refuge. She waited for months for transitional lodging; for much longer than earlier than the pandemic.

“I didn’t wish to go away. I felt protected there for the primary time in my life. I had by no means identified what that felt like earlier than,” she stated.

“I didn’t realise how a lot I had misplaced myself. I had not been myself since I used to be 17, I grew to become such a shell of an individual and after I went to the refuge… the opposite girls helped me heal.”

Now she faces delayed court docket dates whereas she fights to cease her ex-partner from gaining shared custody of their daughter, and is ready for presidency housing, which she has been instructed will take not less than six months, even being on the precedence checklist.

There’s additionally an ongoing police investigation into the abuse.

White Ribbon Australia Nationwide Director Allan Ball stated nationally, the previous 24 months had seen elevated household violence circumstances, significantly throughout lockdowns.

“Round 20 girls have been murdered this 12 months already … it’s on monitor to be a very unhealthy 12 months,” he stated.

In March, a WA girl was allegedly murdered by her partner at their Nollamara home. That they had been isolating collectively after testing optimistic to COVID-19.

The family of Shauna-Lee Headland: younger sister Shonnica, mother Janis and Janis’ partner Delson Stokes Jnr outside court in support of Veronica Headland as she called for more action to prevent family violence.

The household of Shauna-Lee Headland: youthful sister Shonnica, mom Janis and Janis’ companion Delson Stokes Jnr outdoors court docket in assist of Veronica Headland as she known as for extra motion to stop household violence.

Her grandmother made a public plea outdoors WA’s Supreme Court docket for extra home violence training for communities and households, as her granddaughter’s companion confronted a Justice of the Peace through video hyperlink from jail.

“We’d like extra to be performed, we’d like the federal government to take heed to us and to listen to us as a result of we won’t stay silent,” she stated.

“We have to begin when they’re younger, in case you have daughters and sons, speak to them … we at all times thought this is able to by no means occur to us.

“Sit round your dinner desk as a household and discuss home violence and what influence it has on households.”

A WA auditor-general report on the impacts of COVID-19 from 2020 to 2021 discovered police information of household assault or threatening behaviour had been 24 per cent larger than the three-year common earlier than the pandemic, and 19.3 per cent above the five-year common.

Crime statistics launched on Thursday additionally present a rise in stories of home violence-related assaults and sexual assaults since 2019.

There was additionally a spike in home violence-related homicides in 2020.

WAtoday reached out to a number of home violence agenciesm, which all confirmed that they had seen a spike in circumstances and an elevated demand for assist for the reason that begin of the pandemic.

However WA Police, after refusing an interview with an officer within the home and household violence unit, stated there was no correlation between the pandemic and growing household violence offences.

“The household violence division observe that though there was a rise in reporting, they haven’t recognized a rise in offences dedicated,” a spokesman stated.

Anglicare WA household and home violence advisor Clare Brady claimed the pandemic had created a “stress cooker” that had led to a spike in circumstances.

She stated it had been extremely disturbing as a result of the restrictions imposed throughout lockdowns had been crucial, however had led to extra crimson tape when it got here to getting victims out of abusive conditions.

“The lockdowns precipitated quite a lot of points, with a giant one being the motion restrictions. Folks discovered it arduous to get away from household violence conditions as a result of they couldn’t go away their properties,” Brady stated.


“The border controls, significantly the management on motion between completely different WA areas, additionally meant individuals searching for to maneuver away from their abusive households needed to apply for an exemption to take action.”

Brady stated household violence conditions might be in comparison with these caught in bushfires through the pandemic — that they had permission to depart if their lives had been at risk, nevertheless it had taken some time for that message to sink in.

“Those that had been laid off had been additionally spending all their time at dwelling… there was much less probability for victims to entry cellphone counselling. Do business from home necessities had been additionally a difficulty,” she stated.

“Now we have issues that many circumstances really went unreported due to these components.”

A spike in alcohol consumption was additionally partly blamed for elevated circumstances of violence. Brady stated those that had been already liable to anger points or violence had been much more more likely to snap after ingesting.

A survey from the Australian Institute of Criminology, produced as part of their research program, reported that within the 12 months to February 2021 a big proportion of girls surveyed skilled violence from their companion for the primary time through the pandemic.

Two in 5 who had skilled bodily violence earlier than the pandemic additionally reported it had elevated in frequency or severity since COVID hit.

The survey additionally instructed many ladies had been unable to hunt assist as a result of security issues, resulting in a big proportion with out entry to formal assist providers, significantly these in isolation.

Institute chief government Padma Raman stated the variety of girls who reported experiencing violence through the pandemic, together with first-time violence, was “trigger for vital concern”.

“With some girls who skilled bodily or sexual violence reporting that they had been unable to hunt help on not less than one event as a result of security issues, guaranteeing entry to assist providers shall be important in our effort to finish violence in opposition to girls, together with in distinctive circumstances such because the pandemic lockdowns,” she stated.

“The connection between monetary stress and financial hardship and experiences of intimate companion violence is necessary to think about as we proceed to recuperate from the pandemic.”


After coping with all of the hurdles COVID threw at her as she took steps to get away from her abusive companion, Kathryn stated her subsequent step was to discover a place she felt protected in to name dwelling, and to struggle to ensure her ex-partner didn’t get shared custody of their daughter.

She stated her purpose was to someday examine public well being and get her “dream job” as a college nurse.

Though the pandemic has made these steps really feel extra like mountains, Kathryn is set to climb them, for herself and her daughter.

Assist is offered from the National Sexual Assault, Domestic Family Violence Counselling Service at 1800RESPECT (1800 737 732).

Lifeline WA: 13 11 14

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